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考研英语写作整体模式1

2019年04月10日 栏目:科技

考研英语写作整体模式考研英语写作的文章一般包括一个开头段、若干扩展段和一个结尾段。开头段和结尾段一般比扩大段短。各种段落的作用、特点和写

考研英语写作整体模式

考研英语写作的文章一般包括一个开头段、若干扩展段和一个结尾段。开头段和结尾段一般比扩大段短。各种段落的作用、特点和写作方法以下所示。

一、开头段

开头段一定要语言精练,并且直接切入主题。开头段一般不对主题进行深入的探讨,具体的论证或叙述应当在扩大段进行。

开头段的经常使用核心句型:

earguermayberightabout,butheseemstoneglect(fail)tomention(takesintoaccount)thefactthat。

opposedto(Contraryto)widely(commonly/generally)held(accepted)belief(ideas/views),Ibelieve(argue)that

thoughmanypeoplebelievethat,Idoubt(wonder)whethertheargumentbearsmuchanalysis(closeexamination)。

eadvantagesofBoutweighanybenefitwegainedfrom(carrymoreweightthanthoseof/aremuchgreaterthan)A.

thoughitiscommonly(widely/generally)held(felt/accepted/agreed)that,itisunlikelytobetruethat。

ereisanelementoftruthinthisargument(statement),butitignoresadeeperandmorebasic(important/essential)fact(reason)that。

istruethat(True,/Tobesure,/Admittedly,),butthisisnottosay(itisunlikely/itdoesntfollow/itdoesntmean/itwontbethecase)that。

emain(obvious/great)problem(flaw/drawback)with(in)thisargument(view/remark)isthatitisignorantof(blindto)thebasic(bare)factthat。

wouldbepossible(natural/reasonable)tothink(believe/taketheview)that,butitwouldbeabsurd(wrong)toclaim(argue)that。

allthediscussionanddebateover,oneimportant(basic)factisgenerallyoverlooked(neglected)。

ereisabsolutely(infact)no(every)reasonforustobelieve(accept/resist/reject)that。

gical(Valid/Sound)asthisargumentandIwholeheartedlyagreewithit,itappearsinsignificant(absurd)whenistakenintoconsideration(account)。

assume(suggest)thatisfarfrombeingproved(tomissthepoint)。

lose(careful)inspection(examination/scrutiny)ofthisargumentwouldrevealhowflimsy(groundless/fallacious)itis.

thesurface(Atfirstthought),it(this)mayseemasound(anattractive)suggestion(solution/idea),butcarefulweighingonthemind(oncloseranalysis/onsecondthought),wefindthat

omuchemphasisplacedon(attentionpaidto/importanceattachedto)mayobscure(overlook/neglect)otherfacts。

edanger(problem/fact/truth/point)isthat。

atthearguerfailstounderstand(consider/mention)isthat。

weverjust(logical/sound/valid)thisargumentmaybe,itonlyskimsthesurfaceoftheproblem.

ongthemostconvincing(important)reasonsgiven(cited/offered/identified)bypeoplefor,oneshouldbestressed(emphasized/mentioned)。

farasIamconcerned,however,Ibelievethat。

elievethatthetitlestatementisvalidbecause(of)。

greewiththeabovestatementbecauseIbelievethat。

thoughIappreciatethat,Icannotagreewiththetitlestatement.

ereisapubliccontroversynowadaysovertheissueof。Thosewhoobjecttoarguethat。Butpeoplewhofavor,ontheotherhand,arguethat。

rrently(Inrecentyears/Inthepastfewyears/Formanyyearsnow),thereis(hasbeen)a(n)general(widespread/growing/widelyheld)feelingtowards(concernover/attitudetowards/trendtowards/awarenessof/realizationof/illusionof/beliefin)。

witiscommonly(widely/generally/increasingly)believed(thought/held/accepted/felt/recognized/acknowledged)that。ButIwonder(doubt)whether。

esedaysweareoftentoldthat(oftenhearabout),butisthisreallythecase?

2、中间段

中间段是文章的正文,其作用是从不同的层面对文章主题进行具体和详实的解释和论证。

1、中间段的一般特点

①篇幅一般比开头段和结尾段长。

②每段有相应的主题句。

③包含定义、解释、描述,说明主题思想的扩展句可以采用实例、数据或个人经历等写作手段。

④不同种类的段落采取不同的扩展手段。

2.中间段的经常使用核心句型:

thoughthepopularbeliefisthat,acurrent(new/recent)study(survey/poll/investigation)indicates(shows/demonstrates)that。

monsensetellsusthat。

eincrease(change/failure/success)inmainly(largely/partly)resultsfrom(arisesfrom/isbecauseof)。

eincrease(change/failure/success)inisdueto(owingto/attributableto)thefactthat。

nypeoplewouldclaimthat。

emayattribute(ascribe/owe)theincrease(decrease/change)to,butisnotbyitselfanadequateexplanation.

eofthereasonsgivenforisthat。

atisalsoworthnoticingisthat。

erearemany(different/several/anumberof/avarietyof)causes(reasons)forthisdramatic(marked/significant)growth(change/decline/increase)in。First,。Second,。Finally,。

ereisnoevidencetosuggestthat。

yare(is/do/did)?Foronething,。Foranother,。

otherreasonwhyIdisputetheabovestatementisthat。

givesriseto(leadto/bring/create)ahostofproblems(consequences)。

erearenumerousreasonswhy,andIshallhereexploreonlyafewofthemostimportantones.

willexert(have/produce)profound(far-reaching/remarkable/considerable/beneficial/favorable/undesirable/disastrous)effect(influence)on。

ultitudeoffactorscouldaccountfor(contributeto/leadto/resultin/influence)thechange(increase/decrease/success/failure/development)in。

2000,itincreased(rose/jumped/shotup)from5to10percentofthetotal(to15percent/by15percent)。

comparisonwith2002,itdecreased(dropped/fell)from10to5percent(to15percent/by15percent)。

accountsfor15percentofthetotal.

erewere100trafficaccidentsinApril,anincreaseof5percentinafive-monthperiod.

2002,only(lessthan/morethan/almost/about/over/asmanyas)threequarters(40percentof/oneoutoffive/oneinfour)collegepopulation(graduates/housewives)asagainst(ascomparedwith)lastyear(2002)preferredto(liked)。ththedevelopment(improvement/rise/growth/generalrecognition/acknowledgement/realization)of,vastchangesawaitsthiscountryssociety.

wpeopleingrowing(ever-increasing/significant)numbersarebeginning(coming/getting)tobelieve(realize/recognize/understand/accept/see/beaware)that。

cordingtoa(n)recent(new/official)study(survey/report/poll),。

story(Oursociety)isfilled(abounds)withtheexamplesof。

estory(case/instance/situation)isnotrare(isolated/unique),itisoneofma也不让你完全绝望nyexamples(typicalofdozens)。

27.A(one)recent(new/general/nationwide)study(survey/poll/investigation)conducted(taken)atauniversityby(officials/scientists/experts)indicates(reveals/suggests/shows/proves/demonstrates)that。

cordingto(Ascanbeseenin/Asisshownin)thefigures(statistics/findings/data/graph/table)released(provided)bythegovernment(aninstitute),itcanbelearned(seen/predicted)that。

ereis(no)good(every/little/sufficient/considerable/strong)evidence(proof)to

rsonalexperience(ExamplesIheard/readof)leadsmetoconcludethat。

mustadmittheundeniablefactthat。

onecandeny(ignore/doubt/overlook/obscure/brushaside)thefactthat。

perience(Evidence)suggests(shows)that。

keforexamplewho(that)。

esameistrueof。

thesayinggoes,。

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